Users and projects

Rather than be limited by the set of user IDs in the starter system, you can create one or more user IDs for yourself. This post will look in more detail how user IDs are created and used in MTS.

User and project IDs

User IDs (or ccIDs) in MTS are four characters long, optionally right padded with . if shorter (eg ACC.).

Each user ID is a member of one project, which also has a four character ID. A project can have zero or more user IDs in it. Project IDs allowed funds for students on a course or a research team to be grouped together; it also allows sharing of files within a group.

Note that unlike groups on Unix a user ID can only be a member of one project. One upshot of this on the mainframe is that a person may have several different user IDs, for example one for each course they are on. Thee is no concept of root or Administrator on MTS, but an ID can have extra privileged, eg the ability to access devices directly.

Creating a new user ID

User and project records are stored in file *ACCOUNTING and sub files matching *ACCOUNTING?. Rather than edit these directly you should use the ACCMAINT program.

Sign-on as user ACC using password aardvarks and then a secondary ID like ST01. $run ACCMAINT to start the program, setting unit 0 to be where you want output, eg *print* or *sink*.

You can now use commands like CREATE and DESTROY. Here’s a sample session where we CREate a privileged ID ABC.

# $run accmaint 0=*sink*
# Execution begins   02:55:29 


  ABC. password is SECRET1          Name:
  ABC.             SECRET1 
  ABC.             SECRET1 
       (Hexadecimal representations:  ID=X'C1C2C34B' PW=X'E2C5C3D9C5E3F1')

Looking at the parameters:

It should also be possible to create non-privileged IDs this way but I have not worked out how to set up funds: if I enter the command

CRE BA01,0,,,,,10000,,,,BABA,PASSWORD=secret1

and then sign on as ba01 I get The funds allotted this user ID have been depleted. - if you know how to do this let me know in the comments.

Update 14-Apr-2015: see Jeff’s comment below on how to do this.

Removing a user ID

$run ACCMAINT as user ACC as before but use the DESTROY command with the user ID and the account number. For example, to remove user ABC.:

# $run accmaint 0=*sink*
# Execution begins   03:06:37 


Getting user and project information

There are other programs under ID ACC that may be useful; some examples:

Run $filestatus when signed on as ACC to see the list.

Changing password

To change the password of the currently signed-on MTS ID, do SET PW. It will ask for the old password first then the new password twice for confirmation.

To change the password for an account you don’t know the password for, sign on as the user WPSW, enter a secondary sign-on ID/password and then $run program1. If you type a user ID it will reset the password to something new. An example for our new account ST03:

# $run program1
# Execution begins   03:17:16 
  Password previously set at 04/19/88 17:19:01 EDT has been reset to YLU6GM 
  end of file
# Execution terminated   03:17:26  T=0.011 

CKID and secondary sign-on

Some privileged IDs, such as MTS, are protected by requiring a secondary sign on. Access is controlled by the file CKID:ACCESS with lines of the form

priv_id secondary_id1 [secondary_id2...]

To change this file you will need to sign on as CKID. In the starter system the password for this account is not supplied, so first change its password using the instructions in the previous section.

Edit the file ACCESS using $edit (it’s wise to take a backup first). A typical line for ID MTS looks like this so you can add secondary IDs at the end or remove secondary IDs you don’t need.

MTS. ALWB DLB. DRH. DWB. KLB. MTA. SRB. WSG. W013 W030 W05Q W070 W170 ST00 ST01 ST02 ST03 ST04 ST05 ST06 ST07 ST08 ST09 AB01

You could also add new privileged IDs and who can access them by adding lines to this file. To ensure the secondary sign-on is checked at sign-on, set the sigfile (the command file run at sign-on) for the account being protected to CKID:CKID.SIG with set sigfile=CKID:CKID.SIG.

Further information

A write-up on the accounting system can be found in component 104/172 on the MTS tapes. See restoring components for details on how to do this and the FAQ question 31 on how to print the guide.


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